An electric vehicle uses an electric system in internal combustion engine (petrol / diesel). Unlike hybrid cars, their engine is fully electric instead of a combination of both (electric – combustion). Most current electric cars use lithium-ion batteries, providing a good balance of power, range and economy. Electric vehicle technology helps EV players to achieve exact location. The electric cars do not emit any pollutants (CO2, fines …). They are therefore different from vehicles running on diesel or gasoline. There are several types of electric vehicles. Here’s what they can work with:
A storage battery, which charges on specific terminals
A fuel cell, which is supplied with hydrogen for example
Solar panels, which allow a functioning of the vehicle thanks to the electricity produced by the rays of the sun
An electric vehicle obtains traction from electric motors, but energy can be supplied in the following ways:
- External power supply of the vehicle throughout its journey, with a constant supply of energy, as is common in the electric train and trolleybus.
- Energy provided to the vehicle in the form of a chemical stored in the vehicle that, through a chemical reaction produced on board, produces electricity for electric motors. An example of this is the non-plug-in hybrid car, or any vehicle with a fuel cell.
- Energy generated on board using nuclear energy, such as the submarine and the nuclear aircraft carrier.
- Energy generated on board using solar energy generated with photovoltaic panels, which is a non-polluting method during electrical production. While the other methods depend on whether the energy they consume comes from renewable sources to be able to say whether or not they are polluting.
- Electric power supplied to the vehicle when it is stopped, which is stored on board with rechargeable systems, and then consumed during its movement.
Benefits of electric vehicles
1. Electric vehicles do not emit gaseous pollutants and their manufacture tends to be more respectful of the environment.
2. The cost of using a 100% electric vehicle is very low. They allow travelling about 100 km with a little more than one euro.
3. The price of the technical inspection is that of a gasoline vehicle, and it is not necessary to pass the gas test. Revisions are a bit more economical, largely because it is not necessary to do oil changes, replace liquids and filters.
4. In many places, parking in the blue zone is completely free.
5. With an electric vehicle, it is possible to drive in restricted traffic areas for conventional cars due to pollution.
6. Because of their advantages and the general characteristics of potential buyers of this type of vehicle, insurance is a little cheaper.
7. Lower sound level, almost imperceptible vibrations, and almost zero heat emission.
8. Lower probability of mechanical failure, and lower general tire wear and brake system components (driver dependent).
9. Energy efficiency of about 90% versus 38% for an average diesel engine. 10. Maximum torque from 0 rpm and constant power.